Scores of Peer-Reviewed Studies Contradict Global Warming Alarmism

Published July 1, 2008

Despite what many global warming alarmists assert in the media, there are many articles in the world’s leading science publications contradicting the assertion that “the debate is over” about global warming. These articles destroy the illusion that there is a “consensus” among scientists about the causes of global warming. The following is the first of a three-part list of many such articles. Compiled by Peter Risdon.

1,500-Year Climate Cycle

A 150,000-year climatic record from Antarctic ice (Nature 316, 591 – 596, 15 August 1985) – C. Lorius, C. Ritz, J. Jouzel, L. Merlivat, N. I. Barkov

A Pervasive Millennial-Scale Cycle in North Atlantic Holocene and Glacial Climates (Science, vol. 278. no. 5341, pp. 1257 – 1266, 14 November 1997) – Gerard Bond, William Showers, Maziet Cheseby, Rusty Lotti, Peter Almasi, Peter deMenocal, Paul Priore, Heidi Cullen, Irka Hajdas, Georges Bonani

A Variable Sun Paces Millennial Climate (Science, vol. 294. no. 5546, pp. 1431 – 1433, 16 November 2001) – Richard A. Kerr

Cyclic Variation and Solar Forcing of Holocene Climate in the Alaskan Subarctic (Science, vol. 301. no. 5641, pp. 1890 – 1893, 26 September 2003) – Feng Sheng Hu, Darrell Kaufman, Sumiko Yoneji, David Nelson, Aldo Shemesh, Yongsong Huang, Jian Tian, Gerard Bond, Benjamin Clegg, Thomas Brown

Decadal to millennial cyclicity in varves and turbidites from the Arabian Sea: hypothesis of tidal origin (Global and Planetary Change, vol. 34, issues 3-4, Pages 313-325, November 2002) – W. H. Bergera, U. von Rad

Late Holocene approximately 1500 yr climatic periodicities and their implications (Geology, vol. 26; no. 5; pp. 471-473, May 1998) – Ian D. Campbell, Celina Campbell, Michael J. Apps, Nathaniel W. Rutter, Andrew B. G. Bush

Possible solar origin of the 1,470-year glacial climate cycle demonstrated in a coupled model (Nature 438, 208-211, 10 November 2005) – Holger Braun, Marcus Christl, Stefan Rahmstorf, Andrey Ganopolski, Augusto Mangini, Claudia Kubatzki, Kurt Roth, Bernd Kromet

The 1,800-year oceanic tidal cycle: A possible cause of rapid climate change (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 97, no. 8, 3814-3819, April 11, 2000) – Charles D. Keeling, Timothy P. Whorf

The origin of the 1500-year climate cycles in Holocene North-Atlantic records (Climate of the Past Discussions, vol. 3, Issue 2, pp. 679-692, 2007) – M. Debret, V. Bout-Roumazeilles, F. Grousset, M. Desmet, J. F. McManus, N. Massei, D. Sebag, J.-R. Petit, Y. Copard, A. Trentesaux

Timing of abrupt climate change: A precise clock (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 10, 2003) – Stefan Rahmstorf

Timing of Millennial-Scale Climate Change in Antarctica and Greenland During the Last Glacial Period (Science, vol. 291, issue 5501, pp. 109-112, 2001) – Thomas Blunier, Edward J. Brook

Widespread evidence of 1500 yr climate variability in North America during the past 14,000 yr (Geology, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 455-458, May 2002) – André E. Viau, Konrad Gajewski, Philippe Fines, David E. Atkinson, Michael C. Sawada

An Inconvenient Truth

An Inconvenient Truth : a focus on its portrayal of the hydrologic cycle (GeoJournal, vol. 70, no. 1, September 2007) – David R. Legates

An Inconvenient Truth : blurring the lines between science and science fiction (GeoJournal, vol. 70, no. 1, September 2007) – Roy W. Spencer

Anthropogenic Influences

Environmental Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (Energy & Environment, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 439-468, 1 September 1999) – Arthur B. Robinson, Noah E. Robinson, Willie Soon

Global warming (Progress in Physical Geography, 27, pp. 448-455, 2003) – W. Soon, S. L. Baliunas

Human Contribution to Climate Change Remains Questionable (American Geophysical Society, vol. 80, pp. 183-187, April 20, 1999) – S. Fred Singer

Industrial CO2 emissions as a proxy for anthropogenic influence on lower tropospheric temperature trends (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L05204, 2004) – A. T. J. de Laat, A. N. Maurellis

Implications of the Secondary Role of Carbon Dioxide and Methane Forcing in Climate Change: Past, Present, and Future (Physical Geography, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 97-125(29), March 2007) – Soon, Willie

Methodology and Results of Calculating Central California Surface Temperature Trends: Evidence of Human-Induced Climate Change? (Journal of Climate, vol.: 19 issue: 4, February 2006) – Christy, J.R., W.B. Norris, K. Redmond, K. Gallo

Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties (Climate Research, vol. 18: 259–275, 2001) – Willie Soon, Sallie Baliunas, Sherwood B. Idso, Kirill Ya. Kondratyev, Eric S. Posmentier

Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties. Reply to Risbey (2002) (Climate Research, vol. 22: 187–188, 2002) – Willie Soon, Sallie Baliunas, Sherwood B. Idso, Kirill Ya. Kondratyev, Eric S. Posmentier

Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties. Reply to Karoly et al. (Climate Research, vol. 24: 93–94, 2003) – Willie Soon, Sallie Baliunas, Sherwood B. Idso, Kirill Ya. Kondratyev, Eric S. Posmentier

On global forces of nature driving the Earth’s climate. Are humans involved? (Environmental Geology, volume 50, no. 6, August, 2006) – L. F. Khilyuk and G. V. Chilingar

Quantitative implications of the secondary role of carbon dioxide climate forcing in the past glacial-interglacial cycles for the likely future climatic impacts of anthropogenic greenhouse-gas forcings (arXiv:0707.1276, 07/2007) – Soon, Willie

The continuing search for an anthropogenic climate change signal: Limitations of correlation-based approaches (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 24, no. 18, pp. 2319–2322, 1997) – David R. Legates, Robert E. Davis


A doubling in snow accumulation in the western Antarctic Peninsula since 1850 (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, L01706, 2008) – Elizabeth R. Thomas, Gareth J. Marshall, Joseph R. McConnell

First survey of Antarctic sub-ice shelf sediments reveals mid-Holocene ice shelf retreat (Geology, vol. 29; no. 9; pp. 787-790, September 2001) – Carol J. Pudsey, Jeffrey Evans

Orbitally induced oscillations in the East Antarctic ice sheet at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary (Nature 413, 719-723, October 2001) – Naish TR, Woolfe KJ, Barrett PJ, Wilson GS, Atkins C, Bohaty SM, Bücker CJ, Claps M, Davey FJ, Dunbar GB, Dunn AG, Fielding CR, Florindo F, Hannah MJ, Harwood DM, Henrys SA, Krissek LA, Lavelle M, van Der Meer J, McIntosh WC, Niessen F, Passchier S, Powell RD, Roberts AP, Sagnotti L, Scherer RP, Strong CP, Talarico F, Verosub KL, Villa G, Watkins DK, Webb PN, Wonik T

Past and Future Grounding-Line Retreat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (Science, vol. 286. no. 5438, pp. 280 – 283, October 1999) – H. Conway, B. L. Hall, G. H. Denton, A. M. Gades, E. D. Waddington

Snowfall-Driven Growth in East Antarctic Ice Sheet Mitigates Recent Sea-Level Rise (Science, vol. 308. no. 5730, pp. 1898 – 1901, 24 June 2005) – Curt H. Davis, Yonghong Li, Joseph R. McConnell, Markus M. Frey, Edward Hanna


Actual and insolation-weighted Northern Hemisphere snow cover and sea-ice between 1973–2002 (Climate Dynamics, vol. 22, issue 6-7, pp. 591-595, 2004) – R. Pielke, G. Liston, W. Chapman, D. Robinson

Scary Arctic Ice Loss? Blame the Wind (Science, vol. 307. no. 5707, p. 203, 14 January 2005) – Richard A. Kerr

Sea-ice decline due to more than warming alone (Nature 450, 27, 1 November 2007) – Julia Slingo, Rowan Sutton

CO2 lags Temperature changes: 180 years of atmospheric CO2 gas analysis by chemical methods (Energy & Environment, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 259-282(24), March 2007) – Beck, Ernst-Georg

Ice core records of atmospheric CO2 around the last three glacial terminations (Science, vol. 283. no. 5408, pp. 1712 – 1714, 12 March 1999) – Hubertus Fischer, Martin Wahlen, Jesse Smith, Derek Mastroianni, Bruce Deck

Southern Hemisphere and Deep-Sea Warming Led Deglacial Atmospheric CO2 Rise and Tropical Warming (Science, September 27, 2007) – Lowell Stott, Axel Timmermann, Robert Thunell

The phase relations among atmospheric CO2 content, temperature and global ice volume over the past 420 ka (Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 20, issue 4, Pages 583-589, February 2001) – Manfred Mudelsee

Timing of Atmospheric CO2 and Antarctic Temperature Changes Across Termination III (Science 14, vol. 299. no. 5613, March 2003) – Nicolas Caillon, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, Jean Jouzel, Jean-Marc Barnola, Jiancheng Kang, Volodya Y. Lipenkov

Computer Climate Models

A comparison of tropical temperature trends with model predictions (International Journal of Climatology, 5 Dec 2007) – David H. Douglass, John R. Christy, Benjamin D. Pearson, S. Fred Singer

Altitude dependence of atmospheric temperature trends: Climate models versus observation (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, L13208, 2004) – David H. Douglass, Benjamin D. Pearson, S. Fred Singer

Effects of bias in solar radiative transfer codes on global climate model simulations (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, L20717, 2005) – Albert Arking

Global Climate Models Violate Scaling of the Observed Atmospheric Variability (Physical Review Letters, vol. 89, no. 2, July 8, 2002) – R. B. Govindan, Dmitry Vyushin, Armin Bunde, Stephen Brenner, Shlomo Havlin, Hans-Joachim Schellnhuber

Quantifying the influence of anthropogenic surface processes and inhomogeneities on gridded global climate data (Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112, D24S09, 2007) – Ross R. McKitrick, Patrick J. Michaels

Seductive Simulations? Uncertainty Distribution Around Climate Models (Social Studies of Science, vol. 35, no. 6, 895-922, 2005) – Myanna Lahsen

Greenhouse Theory

Are observed changes in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere really dangerous? (Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 297-327, June 2002) – C. R. de Freitas

Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations over the Last Glacial Termination (Science, vol. 291. no. 5501, 5 January 2001) – Eric Monnin, Andreas Indermühle, André Dällenbach, Jacqueline Flückiger, Bernhard Stauffer, Thomas F. Stocker, Dominique Raynaud, Jean-Marc Barnola

Atmospheric CO2 fluctuations during the last millennium reconstructed by stomatal frequency analysis of Tsuga heterophylla needles (Geology, vol. 33; no. 1; pp. 33-36, January 2005) – Lenny Kouwenberg, Rike Wagner, Wolfram Kürschner, Henk Visscher

Can increasing carbon dioxide cause climate change? (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, vol. 94, pp. 8335-8342, August 1997) – Richard S. Lindzen

Cloud and radiation budget changes associated with tropical intraseasonal oscillations (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, L15707, 2007) – Roy W. Spencer, William D. Braswell, John R. Christy, Justin Hnilo

CO2-induced global warming: a skeptic’s view of potential climate change (Climate Research, vol. 10: 69–82, 1998) – Sherwood B. Idso

Does the Earth Have an Adaptive Infrared Iris? (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 82, issue 3, pp. 417–432, March 2001) – Richard S. Lindzen, Ming-Dah Chou, and Arthur Y. Hou

Falsification Of The Atmospheric CO2 Greenhouse Effects Within The Frame Of Physics (Physics, arXiv:0707.1161) – Gerhard Gerlich, Ralf D. Tscheuschner

Heat capacity, time constant, and sensitivity of Earth’s climate system (Accepted for publication in Journal of Geophysical Research) – Stephen E. Schwartz

Phanerozoic Climatic Zones and Paleogeography with a Consideration of Atmospheric CO2 Levels (Paleontological Journal, 2: 3-11, 2003) – A. J. Boucot, Chen Xu, C. R. Scotese

The “Greenhouse Effect” as a Function of Atmospheric Mass (Energy & Environment, vol. 14, nos. 2-3, pp. 351-356, 1 May 2003) – H. Jelbring


Global Warming and the Greenland Ice Sheet (Climatic Change, vol. 63, nos. 1-2, pp. 201-221(21), March 2004) – Petr Chylek, Jason E. Box, Glen Lesins

Greenland warming of 1920–1930 and 1995–2005 (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 33, 2006) – Petr Chylek, M. K. Dubey, G. Lesins

Rapid Changes in Ice Discharge from Greenland Outlet Glaciers (Science, vol. 315. no. 5818, pp. 1559 – 1561, 16 March 2007) – Ian M. Howat, Ian Joughin, Ted A. Scambos

Recent cooling in coastal southern Greenland and relation with the North Atlantic Oscillation (Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, no. 3, 2003) – Edward Hanna, John Cappelen

Recent Ice-Sheet Growth in the Interior of Greenland (Science 11, vol. 310. no. 5750, pp. 1013 – 1016, November 2005) – Ola M. Johannessen, Kirill Khvorostovsky, Martin W. Miles, Leonid P. Bobylev

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