Research & Commentary: Utah Senate Passes Bill Challenging Big Tech Censorship on Political and Religious Expression

Published March 1, 2021

The Utah Legislature is considering Senate Bill 228, the “Freedom from Biased Moderation Act.” This legislation would provide residents of the Beehive State an appeals process enforced by the attorney general if they have been censored or “de-platformed” on the various social media platforms that have become omnipresent in contemporary political speech.

In the blink of an eye, the emergence of social media platforms has elevated the national conversation and political discourse to a breadth nearly unimaginable a decade ago. The associated emerging technologies and mediums promised democratization of free speech in a way never dreamed of. Free speech and political activism, once the realm of partisans and professional pundits, was accessible such that people who were once spectators were now engaged.

However, this mass communication network is managed by a handful of powerful tech titans, who are protected from liability and operate as monopolies. The consolidation of this power to these titans has now effectively erased the empowerment of millions of Americans and their newfound voices. Where it has empowered voices and people across the political spectrum, it has also empowered the voices that seek to divide, misinform, and manipulate.

According to Statista, the number of social network users worldwide reached 3.6 billion in 2020 and is projected to increase to 4.4 billion by 2025. According to Datareportal, the average time a person spends on social media per day is 2 hours and 24 minutes. At that rate, if someone were to sign up for social media accounts at 16-years-old, they would spend 5.7 years on social media platforms when they reach their 70th birthday.

Furthermore, 231.4 million Americans currently use social media—70 percent of the U.S. population. In other words, social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter have become the primary sources of communication in the twenty-first century. Just like television replaced the radio as the main medium of information and communication in the mid-twentieth century, social media reigns supreme today.

This phenomenon was further exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic. A Harris Poll conducted in the spring of 2020 found that 46 to 51 percent of U.S. adults were using social media at higher rates than pre-pandemic. In addition, U.S. social network ad spending is projected to rise 21.3 percent from the already staggering $40 billion spent in 2020 to around $49 billion in 2021, according to eMarketer.

All of these statistics provide ample evidence that social networks have become so much more than a host for expression, memes, and life updates among friends and family. In today’s world, the social network has become a major sector of the United States economy, influencing corporate successes and failures.

Along with influencing streams of revenue through advertising, we have seen more clearly than ever that social media platforms have the ability to impact and even guide the social discourse. Combining this phenomenon with the highly divisive political and social climate that has plagued the nation in recent years, America has entered the dark era of social media censorship.

Following the unparalleled censorship of the then-president of the United States (and others) in January by Facebook and Twitter, many Americans worry they could be next. Big Tech’s arbitrary clampdown on those they deem guilty of spreading “misinformation” or “disinformation” has also raised the eyebrows of federal and state lawmakers.

The policy solution in Utah’s Senate Bill 228 is leading the pack of countless states that have proposed and are considering legislation that would allow citizens to have some ability to fight being de-platformed without due process. Many other states are following suit with similar legislation such as Missouri’s House Bill 482 and New Hampshire House Bill 133.

Utah’s Freedom from Biased Moderation Act would require social media giants to provide clear information about the social media corporations’ moderation processes and requires a notice when the social media corporation uses a moderation practice on Utah residents. In addition, Utah account holders can appeal a moderation practice and an independent review board would review the social media corporation’s moderation practices. If it is found that a social media corporation violated its terms of use with flippant moderation practices, SB 228 would allow a mechanism for a Utah resident to file a complaint to the Division on Consumer Protection at the Attorney General.

Senate Bill 228 would also likely spur a state-based and national debate on the role of Big Tech in our civic dialogue. Allowing an appeals process after undue censorship is perhaps the tool policymakers need to give to constituents of the Beehive State such that the message is clear that robust public debate is sacrosanct and any action or failure to act to ensure a robust debate will be met with hard questions, and if necessary, enabling policies.

Legislators in Utah should consider solutions that would protect all Americans from undue censorship by a cabal of Big Tech ideologues who wield near-total power over the dissemination of information in today’s social media-dominated environment. More speech, not less speech, is always better in a free society.


The following documents provide more information about big tech censorship principles. 


Six Principles for State Legislators Seeking to Protect Free Speech on Social Media Platforms

James Taylor President of the Heartland Institute writes six principles to protect free speech in light of social media censorship. Political free speech in the United States is under attack. Tech media giants who own and control virtually all social media platforms available to Americans are working together to silence groups with whom they do not agree. 


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