Cities with thriving coastal ports during the Medieval Warm Period, the Roman Warm Period, and the Holocene Climate Optimum are now landlocked, meteorologist Robert Endlich explains in a fascinating new essay. While global warming alarmists claim an alarming rise in sea level, a great deal more sea level rise is necessary to restore prior conditions, Endlich observes.
“The ancient city of Ephesus was an important port city and commercial hub from the Bronze Age to the Minoan Warm period, and continuing through the Roman Empire. An historic map shows its location right on the sea. But today, in modern-day Turkey, Ephesus is 5 km from the Mediterranean,” writes Enlich.
Similarly, “Ruins of the old Roman port Ostia Antica, are extremely well preserved – with intact frescoes, maps and plans. Maps from the time show the port located at the mouth of the Tiber River, where it emptied into the Tyrrhenian Sea. The Battle of Ostia in 849, depicted in a painting attributed to Raphael, shows sea level high enough for warships to assemble at the mouth of the Tiber. However, today this modern-day tourist destination is two miles up-river from the mouth of the Tiber. Sea level was significantly higher in the Roman Warm Period than today.”
Enlich’s full essay is available here.